Glucosamine impedes transforming growth factor β1-mediated corneal fibroblast differentiation by targeting Krüppel-like factor 4.

Glucosamine impedes transforming growth factor β1-mediated corneal fibroblast differentiation by targeting Krüppel-like factor 4.

Transforming growth factor (TGF) family members play an important role in the regulation of the integrity of the cornea, and the pathogenesis of fibrosis cornea. Currently, there are no effective agents targeting TGF-β signaling to reduce corneal fibrosis. Glucosamine (GlcN), which are widely used in the treatment of osteoarthritis, cancel the morphological effects of TGF-β2 in the cells of the retinal pigmented epithelium in disease model mice. Here, we sought to determine whether GlcN will provide beneficial effects on TGF-β1-induced corneal fibrosis.

In human corneal fibroblasts (HCF) is treated with GlcN, expression Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) and downstream signaling effects specified in presence and absence of TGF-β1 using immunoblot analysis. We further explored GlcN inhibition of fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation through KLF4 siRNA. Effect of cycloheximide on protein levels of KLF4 with or without the administration of GlcN assessed to determine whether KLF4 protein.In GlcN affect the stability of health-care facilities, GlcN induced expression of KLF4, which regulated the maturation and maintenance of the ocular surface.

GlcN partially suppress the expression of TGF-β1-induced alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and reduced collagen contraction capacity in health care facilities, showed a decrease in fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation. This effect appears to be mediated through suppression of Smad2 phosphorylation and ERK-dependent signaling. KLF4 mRNA level increased by GlcN and decreased TGF-β1 and TGF-β1-induced expression of α-SMA mRNA was upregulated when KLF4 genes silenced. GlcN also appeared to stabilize KLF4 protein, reduce turnover in the cornea fibroblasts.

These findings explain the mechanism of a novel by which GlcN suppress TGF-β1-induced fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation through upregulation of KLF4 expression. current strategies for treating corneal fibrosis ineffective. Raised levels of KLF4 through the use of GlcN may provide an effective alternative to ease the development and progression of corneal fibrosis.

Glucosamine impedes transforming <em>growth</em> <em>factor</em> β1-mediated corneal <em>fibroblast</em> differentiation by targeting Krüppel-like <em>factor</em> <em>4</em>.
Glucosamine impedes transforming growth factor β1-mediated corneal fibroblast differentiation by targeting Krüppel-like factor 4.

Fibroblasts growth factor receptor 4 (FGFR 4 ) were detected by immunohistochemistry associated with postoperative residual disease in ovarian cancer.

Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 4 (FGFR4) proposed to hold prognostic significance in high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC). However, information about this comes from a large, representative patient panel is still missing, although such data would be necessary for compliance validation of FGFR4 as a prognostic marker or even a pharmacological target. 1063 cases of ovarian cancer were included in this study.

Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed using two different anti-FGFR4 specific antibody (HPA027273, sc-124) on the automated staining system. IHC data from two FGFR4 antibodies were available from 995 cases. FGFR4 immunostaining correlated with survival prognostic factors included using proportional hazards models uni and multivariate analyzes. FGFR4 positively associated with advanced FIGO stage, high grade and presence of residual disease.

PPQ-102

HY-14179 100mg
EUR 1221

BGB-102

HY-15732 10mg
EUR 6041

EL-102

HY-16187 10mM/1mL
EUR 376

MM-102

B1582-2 2 mg
EUR 128
Description: MM-102 is an antagonist of MLL1 with IC50 value of 2.4nM [1].Mixed lineage leukemia 1 (MLL1) is a histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4) methyltransferase.

MM-102

B1582-20 20 mg
EUR 593
Description: MM-102 is an antagonist of MLL1 with IC50 value of 2.4nM [1].Mixed lineage leukemia 1 (MLL1) is a histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4) methyltransferase.

PPQ-102

B3504-10 10 mg
EUR 242

PPQ-102

B3504-5 5 mg
EUR 151

PPQ-102

B3504-50 50 mg
EUR 863

PM 102

B5517-1 1 mg
EUR 601

MM-102

B2364-25
EUR 588

MM-102

B2364-5
EUR 185

p38 protein

E20-80078 20ug
EUR 408

p38 protein

E20-80079 20ug
EUR 408

p38 Antibody

20-abx133223
  • EUR 300.00
  • EUR 439.00
  • EUR 189.00
  • 100 ul
  • 200 ul
  • 30 ul

p38 Antibody

20-abx007541
  • EUR 300.00
  • EUR 439.00
  • EUR 189.00
  • 100 ul
  • 200 ul
  • 30 ul

p38 Antibody

abx236076-100ug 100 ug
EUR 481

p38 Antibody

20-abx141038
  • EUR 356.00
  • EUR 537.00
  • EUR 217.00
  • 100 ul
  • 200 ul
  • 30 ul

p38 Antibody

35478-100ul 100ul
EUR 390

p38 Antibody

48644-100ul 100ul
EUR 333

p38 Antibody

48644-50ul 50ul
EUR 239

anti-p38

YF-PA11120 50 ug
EUR 363
Description: Mouse polyclonal to p38

anti-p38

YF-PA11121 100 ug
EUR 403
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to p38

anti-p38

YF-PA23519 50 ul
EUR 334
Description: Mouse polyclonal to p38

anti-p38

YF-PA23520 50 ul
EUR 334
Description: Mouse polyclonal to p38

anti-p38

YF-PA23521 50 ul
EUR 334
Description: Mouse polyclonal to p38

p38 antibody

70R-51505 100 ul
EUR 268
Description: Purified Polyclonal p38 antibody

p38 antibody

70R-51506 100 ul
EUR 287
Description: Purified Polyclonal p38 antibody

LB (Lennox)

102 500 g
EUR 101

BP-1-102

HY-100493 100mg
EUR 1345

MM-102 (TFA)

HY-12220A 10mM/1mL
EUR 263

SB-203580 p38 MAPK(p38 MAP kinase) Inhibitor

E1B1863 1mg
EUR 161

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES4837-100ul 100ul
EUR 279
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, IF, WB, ELISA

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES4837-50ul 50ul
EUR 207
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, IF, WB, ELISA

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES4838-100ul 100ul
EUR 279
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, WB, ELISA

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES4838-50ul 50ul
EUR 207
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, WB, ELISA

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES8347-100ul 100ul
EUR 279
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat/Chicken. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, WB, ELISA

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES8347-50ul 50ul
EUR 207
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat/Chicken. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, WB, ELISA

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES3111-50ul 50ul
EUR 207
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, WB, ELISA

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES3112-50ul 50ul
EUR 207
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, IF, WB, ELISA

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES3111-100ul 100ul
EUR 279
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, WB, ELISA

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ES3112-100ul 100ul
EUR 279
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against p38 from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, IF, WB, ELISA

p38 (pY323) Antibody

20-abx133058
  • EUR 314.00
  • EUR 467.00
  • EUR 203.00
  • 100 ul
  • 200 ul
  • 30 ul

p38 (pY182) Antibody

20-abx134951
  • EUR 384.00
  • EUR 606.00
  • EUR 230.00
  • 100 ul
  • 200 ul
  • 30 ul

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP53838-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP53838-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP53838-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP53839-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IF, IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y182

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP53839-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IF, IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y182

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP53839-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IF, IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y182

Anti-p38 Antibody

A00176 100ul
EUR 397
Description: Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody for p38 Antibody (MAPK14) detection.tested for WB in Human, Mouse, Rat.

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP52112-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180/Y182

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP52112-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180/Y182

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP52112-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of T180/Y182

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP52113-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y323

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP52113-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y323

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP52113-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This p38 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human p38 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y323

p38 Blocking Peptide

20-abx061736
  • EUR 258.00
  • EUR 384.00
  • 1 mg
  • 5 mg

p38 Blocking Peptide

20-abx062080
  • EUR 272.00
  • EUR 411.00
  • 1 mg
  • 5 mg

p38 (pT180) Antibody

20-abx009863
  • EUR 314.00
  • EUR 467.00
  • EUR 203.00
  • 100 ul
  • 200 ul
  • 30 ul

p38 MAPK Antibody

20-abx012798
  • EUR 314.00
  • EUR 98.00
  • EUR 398.00
  • EUR 495.00
  • 100 ug
  • 10 ug
  • 200 ug
  • 300 µg

p38 MAPK Antibody

20-abx012875
  • EUR 314.00
  • EUR 98.00
  • EUR 398.00
  • EUR 495.00
  • 100 ug
  • 10 ug
  • 200 ug
  • 300 µg

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP57354-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat, Chicken. This p38 antibody is for WB, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from the C-terminal region of human p38

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP57354-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat, Chicken. This p38 antibody is for WB, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from the C-terminal region of human p38

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

ABP57354-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of p38 from Human, Mouse, Rat, Chicken. This p38 antibody is for WB, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from the C-terminal region of human p38

p38 MAPK Antibody

abx236077-100ug 100 ug
EUR 481

p38 Blocking Peptide

20-abx161932
  • EUR 272.00
  • EUR 411.00
  • 1 mg
  • 5 mg

Anti-p38 antibody

STJ94876 200 µl
EUR 197
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to p38.

Anti-p38 antibody

STJ94877 200 µl
EUR 197
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to p38.

Anti-p38 antibody

STJ94878 200 µl
EUR 197
Description: p38 is a protein encoded by the MAPK14 gene which is approximately 41,2 kDa. p38 is localised to the cytoplasm and nucleus. It is involved in activated TLR4 signalling, the IL-2 pathway, toll-like receptor signalling pathways, the VEGF signalling pathway and 4-1BB pathway. This protein falls under the MAP kinase family. It acts as an integration point for multiple biochemical signals, and is involved in a wide variety of cellular processes such as proliferation, differentiation, transcription regulation and development. This kinase is activated by various environmental stresses and proinflammatory cytokines. p38 is expressed in the brain, heart, placenta, pancreas and skeletal muscle. Mutations in the MAPK14 gene may result in patellar tendinitis and lumbosacral lipoma. STJ94878 was affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogen. This polyclonal antibody detects endogenous levels of p38 protein.

Anti-p38 antibody

STJ94879 200 µl
EUR 197
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to p38.

Anti-P38 antibody

STJ98898 200 µl
EUR 197
Description: Mouse monoclonal to P38.

Anti-P38 antibody

STJ98899 200 µl
EUR 197
Description: Mouse monoclonal to P38.

Anti-p38 antibody

STJ97615 200 µl
EUR 197
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to p38.

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

41305-100ul 100ul
EUR 252

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

41305-50ul 50ul
EUR 187

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

41306-100ul 100ul
EUR 252

p38 Polyclonal Antibody

41306-50ul 50ul
EUR 187

p38 alpha-MAPK14

RA15053 100 ug
EUR 526

anti- p38 antibody

FNab06076 100µg
EUR 505.25
Description: Antibody raised against p38

p38 MAPK Antibody

49379-100ul 100ul
EUR 333

p38 MAPK Antibody

49379-50ul 50ul
EUR 239

p38 MAPK Antibody

AF6455 200ul
EUR 304
Description: p38 MAPK Antibody detects endogenous levels of total p38 MAPK.

p38 MAPK Antibody

AF6456 200ul
EUR 304
Description: p38 MAPK Antibody detects endogenous levels of total p38 MAPK.

p38 MAPK Antibody

AF6457 200ul
EUR 304
Description: p38 MAPK Antibody detects endogenous levels of total p38 MAPK.

anti-p38 MAPK

LF-PA0160 100 ul
EUR 334
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to p38 MAPK

Anti-p38 alpha

DB-1039 100 tests
EUR 474

Anti-p38 beta

DB-1040 100 tests
EUR 474

Anti-p38 gamma

DB-1041 100 tests
EUR 474

Anti-p38 delta

DB-1042 100 tests
EUR 474

Anti-p38-a

DB-161-0.05 50 μl
EUR 269

Anti-p38-a

DB-161-0.1 100 μl
EUR 422

Anti-p38-b

DB-162-0.05 50 μl
EUR 269

Anti-p38-b

DB-162-0.1 100 μl
EUR 422

Anti-p38-g

DB-163-0.05 50 μl
EUR 269

Anti-p38-g

DB-163-0.1 100 μl
EUR 422

Anti-p38-d

DB-164-0.05 50 μl
EUR 269

When the development of the free (PFS) of FGFR4 negative vs positive patients compared to patients scored as positive FGFR4 significantly shortened PFS compared with those who negatively stained. All associations FGFR4 and shortened PFS lost for multivariate testing. No significant association was found in the OS.

April

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